022 - Fig1

PHRC022 : Dedication to Attalos I, Pergamon - Mysia (200-150 BC) Dedication

This fragmentary rectangular altar of Attalos I was dedicated inside the precinct of Demeter on the southern slope of the Pergamon hill. It was probably used for libations and the burning of perfumes. The paleographic detail of A with bowed crossbar suggests a date of dedication between the end of Attalos’ reign and the beginning of Eumenes II’s.

Permanent ID http://s.phrc.it/phrc022

Photo 1: Drawing of the inscription, IvP I 45
Photo 2: Sanctuary of Demeter; via Wikimedia Commons

Current location

Archaeological Museum of Bergama


Object Type: Altar
Fragment of a rectangular altar with cornices. The rough back shows that it was meant to stand againt a wall or in a niche.
Material: Andesite
Height: 55 cm
Width: 41 cm


The text shows a quite irregular ductus. The three lines are of a progressively smaller size.
Irregular letters of the period between the reigns of Attalos I and Eumenes II, without apices. Σ with parallel horizontal bars; A has a slightly bowed crossbar, similar to that of IvP I 40 and PHRC024.
Letter height varying from line to line: c. 2,5 cm (line 1); c. 2,3 cm (line 2); c. 1,8 cm (line 3).


Date: Between 200 and 150 BC, probably during the first quarter of the 2nd cent.
Justification: Lettering
Provenance: Found in the sanctuar of Demeter at Pergamon.


Text constituted from: IvP I 45.

Other editions: .

See also: Schwarzer 1999, p. 256; Suk Fong Jim 2017; Caneva 2020.

Images: IvP I 45 (drawing).

Further bibliography: On the sanctuary of Demeter, see Bohtz 1981; Ohlemutz 1968, p. 203-224; Radt 1999, 180-186; Agelidis 2011, p. 179-181; Steuernagel 2015, p. 368; Pirson 2017, 63.

Online record: PHI




(S. Caneva)
Of King Attalos Soter.


(S. Caneva)
Del re Attalo Soter.


This rectangular altar of Attalos I Soter was found in the sanctuary of Demeter, one of the most prominent sanctuaries in the early Attalid period: it was already monumentalized under Philetairos and Eumenes I and was considerably enlarged under Attalos I (for the chronology, Bohtz 1981, p. 56-60; Steuernagel 2015, 368; Pirson 2017, 63). Even though the depth of the altar is not provided by the editor, most probably this specimen was similar to the other Attalid altars from Pergamon: their limited dimensions made them appropriate for libations and censing rituals, not for animal sacrifices (but see the possible exception of PHRC020, from Mamurt Kale).

The writing of A with a bowed crossbar may point to an intermediary period between the earliest specimens, probably dedicated in the years 230s-220s (cf. PHRC018), and the later ones which show a writing of A with broken crossbar, probably belong to the 2nd century BC (see commentary to PHRC021). Accordingly, this altar might belong to the end of the reign of Attalos I or testify to a posthumous cult in the early reign of Eumenes II (Caneva 2020).

Stefano Caneva, on 29.03.2019
Content licensed under
All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://phrc.it and the filename, as well as the date of consultation (see Licences for details of how to cite).
No valid return data for this setting.
No valid return data for this setting.
No valid return data for this setting.
Travocial - Social Travel & Storytelling Practicalities of Hellenistic Ruler Cults
Marie Curie PISCOPIA project no. PISC14IGRU, University of Padova (2015-2017)
FNRS project no. 98368 (2017-2020)
Stefano Caneva
Follow me
Logo Università di Padova
Logo Marie Curie
Logo Liege
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission, Seventh Framework Programme, under Grant Agreement n° 600376 (2015-2017), and from the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), Belgium (2017-2020).
Powered by: #mappiamo