PHRC035 : Dedication to Arsinoe Philadelphos, Archimandrita (Palaipaphos) - Cyprus (270-240 BC) Dedication

As other specimens from the Paphos area, this object is a small rectangular altar with a shallow depression on the top, probably used for vegetal offerings to Arsinoe Philadelphos. The find spot Archimandrita, about 7 km from the sanctuary of Aphrodite, is probably not the original place where the altar was used, but rather a secondary location where the stone was reused as building material or for decorative purposes.


Current location

Nea Paphos, Paphos District Archaeologial Museum
Inv. No. 1536

Support

Object Type: Altar
Upper part of a small rectangular altar with cornice (only line 1 and the end of line 2 are still preserved). The back is rough. The upper surface presents a shallow depression of about 9 x 8 cm, 0.5 cm deep.
Material: Limestone
Dimensions:
Height: max. 8.5 cm cm
Width (with cornice): 17 cm; shaft: 14 cm
Depth (with cornice): 16 cm; shaft: 14 cm

Layout

From the preserved letters at the end of line 2 it appears that the text was written on three lines (cf. PHRC030 and PHRC031). The text occupies the upper part of the front surface.
The letters are very irregularly cut, some of them descending much below the line. Letter shape of the mid-third century: large A with horizontal crossbar; large and asymmetrical, almost sursive N; Σ with almost parallel bars (for which see PHRC032). The stonecutter left little space for the Σ at the end of line 1 and wrote it smaller, with a lighter hand and very close to the right edge of the stone.
Letter height between 2.2 cm (P) and 1 cm (Σ,O).

History

Date: Between 270 and 240 BC
Justification: Formulary and lettering
Provenance: Found at the village of Archimandrita, in the locality called Agriela, 7 km NE of the sanctuary of Aphrodite Paphia.

Bibliography

Text constituted from: I.Paphos 10.

Other editions: .

See also: Nicolaou 1963, p. 46, no. 8 (SEG XXIII 646); Nicolaou 1993, p. 227, cat. l; Anastassiades 1998, p. 137, no. 1; Caneva 2014, no. 18.

Images: I.Paphos, fig. 40.

Further bibliography:

Online record: PHI

Edition



Ἀρσινόης
[Φιλαδ]έλ -
[φου]


Translation


(S. Caneva)
Of Arsinoe Philadelphos

Traduzione


(S. Caneva)
Di Arsinoe Philadelphos

Commentary

For its quasi-squared section and the rough quality of the inscription, this altar has its closest parallel at Palaipaphos in the altar PHRC031. The find spot Archimandrita is probably a secondary location, which makes the stone a ‘pierre errante’ probably reused in modern times as building material or for decorative purposes (contra, see Cayla in I.Paphos 10, who interprets this location as the original one of the altar). As other specimens from the Paphos area, the altar has a shallow depression on its top, probably used for vegetable offerings.

Author:
Stefano Caneva, on 02.03.2019
Revisions:

Content licensed under
All citation, reuse or distribution of this work must contain somewhere a link back to the URL http://phrc.it and the filename, as well as the date of consultation (see Licences for details of how to cite).
No valid return data for this setting.
No valid return data for this setting.
No valid return data for this setting.
Travocial - Social Travel & Storytelling Practicalities of Hellenistic Ruler Cults
Marie Curie PISCOPIA project no. PISC14IGRU, University of Padova (2015-2017)
FNRS project no. 98368 (2017-2020)
Stefano Caneva
ste.caneva@gmail.com
Follow me
Logo Università di Padova
Logo Marie Curie
Logo Liege
Logo FNRS
The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission, Seventh Framework Programme, under Grant Agreement n° 600376 (2015-2017), and from the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), Belgium (2017-2020).
Powered by: #mappiamo