PHRC031 : Dedication to Arsinoe Philadelphos, Palaipaphos - Cyprus (270-240 BC) Dedication

This dedication to Arsinoe is written in three lines, regardless of the word ending, on a very irregular rectangular altar with a shallow depression on the upper surface. Such a small altar would serve to offer vegetables and perfumes to Arsinoe Philadelphos in the sanctuary of Aphrosite Paphia.

Permanent ID

Current location

Kouklia, Local Archaeological Museum Palaipaphos
Inv. No. KM 182 (previously 410)


Object Type: Altar
Small rectangular altar with an irregularly worked shaft and a shallow (0.3 cm deep) depression on the upper surface. The upper cornice has an irregular height varying between 2 and 1.5 cm. The bottom of the shaft presents a small base without cornice.
Material: Limestone
Height: 23 cm cm
Width (shaft): 14 cm; (upper cornice) 15 cm
Depth (shaft): 14 cm; (upper cornice) 15 cm


The text is written in three lines regardless of word ending, directly below the upper cornice.
Very irregular letters of varying size; letter shape of the reign of Ptolemy II: see in particular Σ with clearly diverging bars and the asymmetrical N.
Letter height between 2 cm for Φ (line 2) and 0,5 cm for O (line 1).


Date: Between 270 and 240 BC
Justification: Formulary and lettering
Provenance: Found in the village of Kouklia.


Text constituted from: I.Paphos 5

Other editions:

See also: Nicolaou 1993, p. 226-227, cat. k; Anastassiades 1998, p. 138, no. 9; Caneva 2014, no. 21; Caneva 2020.

Images: Nicolaou 1993, PL. LX 5. anche I.Paphos, fig. 36.

Further bibliography:

Online record:


Ἀρσινόη -
ς Φιλαδέ -


(S. Caneva)
Of Arsinoe Philadelphos


(S. Caneva)
Di Arsinoe Philadelphos


This is the smallest object preserving a dedication to Arsinoe among those found in the Palaipaphos area. The vvery shallow upper surface could only serve to burn vegetable offerings. The separation of the dedication in three lines regardless of the word ending is typical of low quality altars of Arsinoe (cf. PHRC030). On the cult of Arsinoe Philadelphos in the Paphos area, see the commentary to PHRC014 (Paphos) and PHRC030 (Palaipahos).

Stefano Caneva, on 02.03.2019

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Travocial - Social Travel & Storytelling Practicalities of Hellenistic Ruler Cults
Marie Curie PISCOPIA project no. PISC14IGRU, University of Padova (2015-2017)
FNRS project no. 98368 (2017-2020)
Stefano Caneva
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The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission, Seventh Framework Programme, under Grant Agreement n° 600376 (2015-2017), and from the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), Belgium (2017-2020).
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