vocabulary_xml

PHRC semantic annotation: A thematic overview



(WHO) ENTITY TYPES
applies to an individual holding a functional title, which explains his specific charge or social status (e.g. strategos, king, gymnasiarch)


applies to a recognizable social group, which is not identifiable as a governmental body (e.g. citizens, foreigners, members of an association)


applies to an institutional entity acting as a governmental body (e.g. polis, demos, boule, phyle, association with a deliberative assembly)




(WHO) CIVIC AGENTS
applies to the level of federal coordination between cities, usually at a regional level


applies to institutions and groups representing the whole civic body of a polis


applies to subsections of the population of citizens (e.g. tribes, members of gymnasium, etc.)


applies to temporary, non-citizen residents of a community




(WHO) KINGDOM AGENTS
applies to any member of the royal family


applies to court members and any official and collaborator whose function depends on royal authority




(WHO) PROFESSIONAL AGENTS
applies to individuals or groups acting as members of an army


applies to agents involved in the production and trade of goods


applies to agents performing specific ritual functions, usually as ritual experts in relation to a specific deity or occasion




(WHO) PERSONAL DATA
provides information about age classes (people) and age requirements (animal victims)


provides information about social classes, based on census


provides information about the geographical origins of the social entities


provides information about the mather of a named person, usually belonging to the royal house


provides information about the father of a named person




(WHO) ROLE IN RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY
refers to persons and groups actively performing a ritual


refers to divine or human figures to whom the ritual is addressed


refers to persons and groups benefiting from an act of ritual intercession by the gods, performed by ritual agents (usually expressed with hyper + the genitive)




(WHO) DIVINE
refers to any divine figure, mentioned singularly or collectively, either with a specific name or generically as "the god(s)"


refers to figures belonging to the supra-human sphere, for whom heroic status is made linguistically explicitely in a text


refers to cult denonimations of gods as well as to epithets attributed to humans (mostly sovereigns) in cultic contexts




(WHAT) RITUAL ACTIVITIES
refers to an agonistic competition of athletic and/or artistic nature, usually a part of a larger religious event


refers to the ritual act by which an agent (nominative) ascribes the property of a durable object, structure, or building (accusative) to a divine recipient (dative), possibly with a third party benefiting from the ritual action (hyper + the genitive)


refers to a religious event, usually comprising a variety of activities (e.g. procession, sacrifice, meal, contest), by referring to it either with a generic term (e.g. panegyris) or with a proper name (e.g. Panathenaia)


refers to the ritual offering of aparchai in its various forms (agricultural products, hair, money)


refers to the ritual activities accompanying the burial of a deceased person


refers to the decision and result of making a day sacred, often implying the temporary interruption of customary activities of the communities


refers to the various social and ritual acts related to wedding


refers to a sacred banquet, usually part of a bigger religious event and taking place after a sacrifice


refers to the act of invoking a divine power to grant super-human authority to a human decision


refers to the ritual act by which an agent (nominative) offers a perishable good (accusative; e.g. an animal victim, vegetables, frankincense, wine or another liquid) to a divine recipient (dative), possibly with a third party benefiting from the ritual action (hyper + the genitive)


refers to any sign manifesting divine will to a person or community (e.g. oracle, dream)


refers to the act of invoking a divine power to ensure protection, health, safety, success to the agent and/or to other persons or groups, in favour of whom the ritual takes place


refers to the performance of a group of people parading in a formally organized and ritualized manner, usually as part of a larger religious event


refers to the interdiction of a certain practice (e.g. food, sexual intercourse, clothes), on a certain time and place, for religious reasons


refers to the act of purifying a person, an object, or a place, by removing some sort of contamination, which may have various motivations


refers to an artistic performance (singing, dancing) as part of a larger religious event


refers to the right, grated to the members of a community, to wear garlands (usually reserved for priests or other prominent ritual agents) while taking part in the events of a festival, or a part of it




(WHAT) NON-RITUAL ACTIVITIES
applies to any process of selection of personnel and of attribution of an official charge


applies to an authoritative institutional or supra-human entitiy, as well as to an authoritative discursive or performative process, in the name of which the activities of an individual or group is regulated (e.g. law, decree, divine order, tradition)


applies to the any act by which an agent promises future benefits to another, usually wishing to win his goodwill and gratitude


applies to any act implying a formal exchange of information between agents (e.g. petition, letter, embassy)


applies to the process of carrying out an activity in compliance with an established procedure (e.g. setting up or adorning a statue, erecting a building, performing a procession)


applies to the act of providing financial resources for the realization of a project (often a function carried out by benefactors); different from management, which implies the allocation of a sum already available


applies to a formalized meeting between agents (e.g. sessions of a deliberative body, official meetings between kings and city ambassarods)


applies to the act of honouring an individual person or group as well as to the gifts/privileges involved


applies to the act of supervising an activity, including the administrative control over funds allocated for a project


applies to the acts and occasions by which a person or group memorializes a date or an event


refers to the act of producing a written document/monument (e.g. inscribing a stele, a statue base)


refers to victory on the battlefield or in a competition




(WHEN) TIME INDICATIONS
refers to an ancient date, based on a specific calendar (day, month, year, local or royal epoch)


refers to a time indication other than a date


may speficy a time indication by referring to a punctual moment or occasion on which an event takes place


may speficy a time indication by referring to the time span during which a certain situation or activity occurs


may speficy a time indication by referring to the time interval between various repetitions of a cyclical event




(WHERE) SPACE INDICATIONS: SEE THE DETAILED LIST IN THE SPACE.XML INDEX


(WHY) MOTIVATIONS
refers to an agent's activities or intentions that can be praised by other agents, and which can be paid back with the grant of honours and privileges


refers to the positive attitude of an agent or group having benefited from the acts of another agent; it can result into the grant of honours for the benefactors, including the celebration of specific thanksgiving rituals (e.g. charisteria offerings)




(HOW) RELATIONS
establishes a correspondence, within a certain context, between an item and another, which acts as a model (e.g. performing a sacrifice to a monarch "as" to Apollo, receiving honours "equal to the gods")


refers to the introduction of a new object, denomination, structure or performance in an existing setting, in a way that completes its previous elements without replacing them (e.g. addition of a new epiclesis to a monarch, establishment of new festivals appended to existing ones, introduction of new cult statues sharing the temple with traditional gods)


refers to the introduction of a new object, denomination, structure or performance in an existing setting, in a way that replaces and erases its previous elements (e.g. change of recipient of a festival or other ritual ceremony, change of name of a month or building)


refers to a structure, place, or time period, named after a person (e.g. month Seleukeios -> King Seleukos)


refers to a relationship between two items in terms of aesthetic or moral adequacy (e.g. a cult statue worthy of the god, honours adequate to the merits of the honorand)


refers to a spatial relationship between two items (e.g. a stele erected in the sanctuary of Athena, an altar positioned close to the status of a god)


refers to a part of an animal in regulations concerning offerings and the sharing of the sacrificial meat




FURTHER COMPLEMENTS: QUALIFYING AND QUANTIFYING
specifies the qualities of an object with regard to the material


specifies the qualities of an individual, an offering, or an object from an aesthetic, moral or ritual perspective (e.g. a "pure" ritual agent, a "perfect" victim, a statue "as beautiful as possible")


refers to currency as part of transactions or as a way to quantify the value of an object


refers to a quantification in numbers, other than in money







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Travocial - Social Travel & Storytelling Practicalities of Hellenistic Ruler Cults
Marie Curie PISCOPIA project no. PISC14IGRU, University of Padova (2015-2017)
FNRS project no. 98368 (2017-2020)
Stefano Caneva
ste.caneva@gmail.com
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The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission, Seventh Framework Programme, under Grant Agreement n° 600376 (2015-2017), and from the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS), Belgium (2017-2020).
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